Most data on the outcome of basilar artery occlusion are from recent case series of patients treated with intraarterial thrombolysis. Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 822k, or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Etiologies such as prothrombotic diseases6, anabolic steroid7, inflammatory vasculitis8, spontaneous dissection9, neonatal thromboembolism10, and vertebral artery dissection11. Some dvts may cause no pain, whereas others can be quite painful. Acute occlusion of the basilar artery can be due to either thromboembolism, atherosclerosis or propagation of intracranial dissection. Laboratory workup usually documents elevated ldh as well as decreased. Dvt deep vein thrombosis, blood clot in the leg warning. Read on to find out more about the security options that. Subclavian artery thrombosis is a blockage of the subclavian artery by a blood clot. Management of brachial artery thrombosis post catheterization. Cerebellar and cerebral infarctions caused by the syndrome of cervical rib with thrombosis of subclavian artery are very unusual.
It is very important that blood does clot when necessary, otherwise even a small cut would lead to serious loss of blood. Distal subclavian artery occlusion causing multiple cerebral. Here we present the first case of delayed intraarterial thrombolysis of a basilar artery thrombosis associated with a large saccular. Coronary thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel of the heart. Thrombosis of limb arteries can occur secondary to injury after catheterization. Its dangerous as it can obstruct or stop the flow of blood to major organs, such as the heart or brain. The diagnosis of occlusion of the intradural vertebrobasilar artery oidvba was made by means of cerebral angiography in 22 patients. Delayed treatment of basilar thrombosis in a patient with. With prompt diagnosis and treatment, the majority of dvts are not life threatening. Successful thrombolysis of a large pulmonary artery thrombosis. A deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot occurring in one of the deep veins, most commonly in one of the leg veins. Arterial thrombosis is a blood clot in an artery, which can be very serious because it can stop blood reaching important organs. Basilar artery occlusion, basilar artery thrombosis, outcome prediction doi. Arterial thromboses are responsible for heart attacks, strokes and peripheral vascular disease.
The pain is diffuse, and the patient may complain of bloody stools. It is associated with narrowing of blood vessels subsequent to clotting. Basilar artery occlusion in adults is a devastating event, with a mortality rate of 8392%5. Jan 11, 2019 acute basilar artery thrombosis is associated with a poor prognosis. We report the case of a 49yearold male patient with a right cervical rib compression leading to subclavian arterial thrombosis and both cerebellar and cerebral infarctions secondary to retrograde thromboembolisation. Introduction arterial thrombosis is the result of sequential events involving platelet adhesion, activation and subsequent aggregation that can lead to vascular occlusion, perhaps the primary pathological complication of advanced atherosclerotic lesions. Coronary thrombosis causes, symptoms and treatment. Thrombosis from ancient greek thrombosis clotting is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system.
Free floating thrombus in carotid artery in a patient with. The majority of cases are due to thrombosis due to atherosclerotic disease, but can also be secondary to cardioembolic or infectious sources. Pain associated with dvt is often described as being a. In this study, we present a rare case of severe upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage caused by arterial collaterals to the spleen after thrombosis of. This case study describes a major league baseball player who was diagnosed with an axillary artery thrombosis due to arterial compression from throwing. Such abnormalities are generally located in the area of the body called thoracic the outlet where nerve, artery, and go fromvein the neck and chest to the arm. Deep vein thrombosis, commonly referred to as dvt, occurs when a blood clot or thrombus, develops in the large veins. Signs and symptoms of a blood clot in the leg are redness, swelling, pain, and warmth around the area of the clot. Successful thrombolysis of a large pulmonary artery thrombosis ajay u mahajan1, deepak s laddhad2, deepak bohara3, sangeeta d laddhad4, yogita t dinde 5, sachin s bhabad6 1interventional cardiologist and prof. Guidance for the treatment of deep vein thrombosis and. The causes of the condition are many, for example, trauma, prolonged periods of immobility, and advanced age.
Basilar artery occlusion is a potentially lifethreatening subset of the larger category of posterior circulation strokes, carrying 80% fatality rate without treatment. Injury to a vessel and narrowing due to fatty plaques atherosclorosis are common predisposing factors of a blockage of an artery with a blood clot. Computed tomography angiography cta showed high grade proximal left internal carotid artery ica stenosis along with. Acute basilar artery occlusion radiology reference. The condition is considered as a type of ischaemic heart disease thrombosis in the heart can lead to a myocardial infarction. The current standard of care for the treatment of arterial thrombosis includes anticoagulants and three classes of antiplatelet agents aspirin, thienopyridines and. The condition is considered as a type of ischaemic heart disease. Jun 22, 2017 subclavian artery thrombosis is a pathological condition, in which there is blockage or obstruction of the subclavian artery due to a blood clot. Delayed treatment of basilar thrombosis in a patient with a. You get peripheral artery disease pad when the arteries in your legs become hard and narrow. A patient with acute mesenteric artery thrombosis presents with acuteonset abdominal pain. Basilar artery occlusion bao accounts for 610% 1 of strokes, causing significant morbidity and mortality often with a poor prognosis. Basilar artery occlusion in a teenaged boy treated with. Giorgianni a, craparo g, pellegrino c, bernardi icd, carimati f, et al.
Relationship between clot location and outcome after basilar. A 32yearold female with a history of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura itp presented to emergency room with vertigo and imbalance for two hours prior to admission. However, the advent of highquality, reliable, and noninvasive technology eg, magnetic resonance imaging mri has made its diagnosis possible even in subjects with mild symptoms see the image below. Risk factors for venous and arterial thrombosis ncbi. There are several risk factors of brachial artery thrombosis, some major and.
Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body and the heart muscle. Basilar artery occlusion bao is a rare event, accounting for about 1% of all strokes. Pdf on jan 1, 2009, salvador cruzflores and others published basilar artery thrombosis find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Results the ct attenuation values of the basilar artery on the plain and contrastenhanced scans in the 11 cases of occlusion are given in table 1. We also identified relevant published work by searching the reference lists of articles retrieved by our search and from our own files. Venous thromboembolism vte is the most common vascular disease after acute myocardial infarction and stroke.
Acute basilar artery occlusion radiology reference article. You can encrypt your pdfs and secure them with a password, and you can even digitally sign pdf files. Delayed thrombolysis or endovascular therapy has been performed with some success in patients who present after 3 hours of symptom onset. If a blood clot narrows one or more of the arteries leading to the heart, muscle pain known as angina can occur.
We searched pubmed from 1990 to august, 2011 with the terms basilar artery occlusion and basilar artery thrombosis. The mortality has been estimated as high as 90% without acute intervention. Thereby, we would like to report a case of female with chronic itp who developed left vertebral artery thrombosis with left cerebellar infarction. Acute occlusion of the basilar artery is a neurological emergency that has a high risk of severe disability and mortality. A hyperdense basilar artery sign, presumed to represent acute thrombus or clot within the basilar artery is seen in approximately 5070% of patients with basilar artery thrombosis see figure 1 on page 9 and is the first identifiable abnormality on unenhanced ct 5, 6.
Acute basilar artery thrombosis is associated with a poor prognosis. Imaging in acute basilar artery thrombosis university of. Relationship between clot location and outcome after. The patient may give a history of postprandial pain, typically occurring 1020 minutes after eating and lasting up to an hour. In this case the end organ damage is already apparent. Mechanisms of thrombosis maureane hoffman, md, phd professor of pathology.
This blood clot restricts blood flow within the heart. Coronary thrombosis is a condition that has been cited as one of the causes of heart attack. When a blood vessel a vein or an artery is injured, the body uses platelets thrombocytes and fibrin to form a blood clot to prevent blood loss. Thrombosis in the heart can lead to a myocardial infarction. Download as pdf print show related cases notify admin. Right main coronary artery thrombosis disorder 809. The following sections introduces you to a section of chapters detailing basilar terminus, posterior cerebral artery superior cerebellar artery, and basilar trunk aneurysms.
Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 831k, or click on a page image below. Even when a blood vessel is not injured, blood clots. Pad evidencebased care complete smoking cessation supervised walking exercise program weight loss target bmi, 18. Metcalfe k, subramanian g 2015 basilar artery thrombosis a ticking time bomb.
If a blood clot blocks the arteries leading to part of the heart. The blockage or obstruction of the subclavian artery may also be caused due to narrowing of the artery and formation of fatty plaques resulting in subclavian artery thrombosis. Acute basilar artery thrombosis in a young man eurorad. Basilar artery stroke is a rare but very devastating condition comprising around 3% of all ischemic strokes1. Some people areprone to develop venous ing thrombosis from muscular and skeletal abnormalities surrounding the subclavian vein. Distal subclavian artery occlusion causing multiple. This is a rare complication, and is slightly more common in brachial as compared to femoral approach. The diagnosis may be difficult and need close clinicoradiological correlation. Deep vein thrombosis should be suspected in any patient who presents with unexplained extremity swelling, pain, warmth or erythema. Jun 28, 2012 cerebellar and cerebral infarctions caused by the syndrome of cervical rib with thrombosis of subclavian artery are very unusual. The purpose of this article is to create awareness as to the signs and symptoms associated with arterial positional compression and the rehabilitative implications to surgical intervention. Conventional stroke treatment with intravenous thrombolysis ivt is thought to be less effective in large vessel occlusion such as bao due to a higher clot burden 4. The limited knowledge on the outcome after a conventional treatment approach comes from a few small case series of highly selected patients. Basilar artery occlusion in a teenaged boy treated with intra.
Oct 07, 2019 dvt or deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot in the leg. Over a 42month period, 20 of 22 consecutive patients with angiographic proof of basilar artery thrombosis were treated with local intraarterial urokinase. However, subclavian artery thrombosis can also arise in younger. Uncommon and in most cases fatal, basilar artery thrombosis is a devstating diagnosis. Venous thrombotic complications are well recognized but arterial. A case report of renal artery thrombosis in a patient with occult. Acute occlusion of the basilar artery is a life threatening event, which carries a terrible prognosis. Brain ct scans, neurologic examinations, symptom duration, clot location, and degree of recanalization were analyzed retrospectively. Successful thrombolysis of a large pulmonary artery. Severe gastric variceal haemorrhage due to splenic artery. We present a case of 72yearold male with reported past medical history of recurrent transient ischemic attacks tias presenting with myriad of neurological symptoms. Infarction is shown in the most graphic of manners demonstrating the distribution of all branches of the basilar artery. Outcome in patients with basilar artery occlusion treated.
Mechanical thrombectomy of acute basilar artery occlusion. Although these may occur anywhere, each of these have predilections for different segments of the basilar artery. Multiple and bilateral precerebral artery thrombosis disorder 809. Although subclavian artery thrombosis complicated by cerebral thromboembolism is uncommon, a number of case studies have reported on cerebral embolism from a subclavian artery thrombotic pathology. Treatment usually involves catheterdirected intraarterial thrombolysis and intravenous heparin, which carries a risk of hemorrhage of up to 15%. Basilar artery aneurysms represent a diverse group of lesions with regard to anatomical location, regional anatomy, pathogenesis, and treatment options. Liu xc, chen c, shi mc, wang sc 20 revascularisation of vertebrobasilar artery occlusion at the chronic stage. Cerebral artery thrombosis as a cause of striatocapsular infarction article pdf available in cerebrovascular diseases 102. People experiencing this blockage in the arteries caused by coronary occlusions will typically experience the symptoms of a heart attack immediately. Achieve target bp jan 11, 2019 acute basilar artery thrombosis is associated with a poor prognosis. Arterial thrombosis is a blood clot that develops in an artery. Blood clotting where it shouldnt or when you dont want it to. Patient was transferred from outlying hospital with complaints of right sided facial droop and dysarthria. Dvt or deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot in the leg.1238 1261 519 1008 1122 1226 1175 71 317 528 829 116 486 1134 1319 1080 300 940 1067 316 2 963 644 17 1425 291 45 224 335 1264 1240 91 1402 506 1253 470 652 542 180 365