In the long term the results will benefit private companies whose activity depends on the good state of rivers drinking water supply, aquaculture, fishery, fishing and nature tourism. For control of water pollution from agriculture, and for use of polluted water in. Natural pollution volcanic eruptions, forest fires, biological decay. Ii technologies for water pollution control wang jianlong encyclopedia of life support systems eolss quantity. Water covers about 70% of the earths surface whereas 0. There are several measures by which the water quality in a system can be controlled thomann and mueller, 1987.
It has negative effects on the living and also on the environment. Belarusian state medical university the faculty of general medicine medical ecology is an emerging science that defines those aspects of the environment that have a direct bearing on human health. Compilation of literature groundwater nitrate data reveals endemic pollution. Part three prevention and control of water pollution from. I thought you guys might want some so i brought some for you today. In other words, all manmade anthropogenic emissions into the air can be called air pollution, because they alter the chemical composition of the natural atmosphere. Pollution is of different kinds depending on the nature of pollutants and pollutions. Join our community just now to flow with the file water pollution and make our shared file collection even more complete and exciting. It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily. Belarusian state medical university the faculty of general medicine medical ecology is an emerging science that defines those aspects of the environment that have a. Water pollution has not been adequately addressed in any policy in india, both at the central and the state level. The following is a brief summary of the project environment.
Pollution of water of natural origin can be caused by decomposition of organic debris, saltwater invading coastal aquifers, water blackening due to landslides, earthquakes, dust erupted from volcanoes. Water pollution has not been adequately addressed in any policy in india. In fact, the effects of water pollution are said to be the leading cause of death for humans across the globe, moreover, water pollution affects our oceans, lakes, rivers, and drinking water, making it a widespread and global concern scipeeps, 2009. Nonpoint sources the term nonpoint source encompasses a large range of sources such as. Pdf on jan 1, 2008, nsikak benson and others published water pollution find, read. The industries use raw materials, process them and produce finished products. The sample consisted of 140 river projects, 22 lakes and 116 ground water blocks in. Amongst the most environmentally significant duties of water authorities which have been transferred to the authority is the responsibility for control of water pollution, previously provided for under part ii of the control of pollution act 1974. Great efforts have been made to solve the problems.
Deep challenges for chinas war on water pollution sciencedirect. Apart from controlling pollution sources and reducing discharge of. Water pollution control a guide to the use of water. Take a big glass or pitcher of dirty water and hold it up in front of the students. Because we have given more than 30 ppt in one place.
Chapter 6 environmental pollution control measures range of regulations and restrictions. Main contributors to thermal pollution are the companies that process our food and generate our electricity. Water pollution water resources in most developing countries are being polluted beyond their capacity to sustain traditional uses because of high population growth rates. Also, the report, for the first time estimates the total global burden of disease attributed to. Pdf causes, consequences and control of air pollution. Read this article to learn about 8 measures to control water pollution. In particular the focus is on sites in the developing world where toxic pollution has occurred because of industrial activity. Free download marine pollution powerpoint presentation slides.
A series of physical, chemical and biological treatment methods have been developed to. This helps you give your presentation on marine pollution in a conference, a school lecture, a business proposal, in a webinar and business and professional representations. This paper will discuss the problem of environmental pollution and waste management. The presence of one or more contaminants like dust, smoke, mist and odor in the atmosphere which are injurious to human beings, plants and animals. Our streams,rivers and lakes have serious pollution problems. For environmental health science students air pollution mengesha admassu, mamo wubeshet university of gondar in collaboration with the ethiopia public health training initiative, the carter center, the ethiopia ministry of health, and the ethiopia ministry of education august 2006.
Causes of water pollution factors that contribute to water pollution can be categorized into two different groups point sources nonpoint sources point sources are the easiest to identify and control non point sources are ambiguously defined and harder to control. Visual pollution, which can refer to the presence of overhead power lines, motorway billboards, scarred landforms as from strip mining, open storage of trash or municipal solid waste. Different types pollution on earth download pdf notes. Access to clean water for drinking and sanitary purposes is a precondition for human health and wellbeing. Egilabor, 1998 apparently, environmental education is of immense importance. Share your knowledge share your word file share your pdf file share your ppt file. Deaths and diseases are caused worldwide due to water pollution and.
Presence of any substance which has harmful effects on human or environmental health sources of pollution. Water pollution is a major global problem that requires ongoing evaluation and revision of water resource policy at all levels from international down to individual aquifers and wells. Types, effects and control of industrial pollution. Heat is sometimes considered point source pollution. European green capital award nantes 2012 20 1 in total. It might surprise you to learn that pollution doesnt come from factories or sewage plants,but from the things that you do everyday. Owa department of integrated science, federal college of education, okene, kogi state, nigeria.
One of the most destructive types is petroleum pollution. It also provides natural habitats and ecosystems for plant and animal species. Assessing health risks at hazardous waste sites report reveals that close to 125 million people are at risk from toxic pollution across 49 low to middleincome countries. Environmental pollution and control pdf free download. Each time it rains,the resulting runoff of stormwater. Economic instruments, typically in the form of wastewater discharge fees and fines, have been introduced to a lesser. Man made activities thermal power plants, agricultural activities. An excellent example of this type of global pollution problem is global climate change which is complex, requires the cooperation of all countries, and makes our human society and all living organisms vulnerable. Download documents and specifications for pollution control systems package treatment plants and equipment for wastewater treatment and sewage system treatment.
Environmental pollution united states department of. Pdf factors effecting water pollution researchgate. Some recommendations such as introduction of environmental education were mentioned. Principles and problems of environmental pollution of. Everything that surrounds us is directly or indirectly connected to the environment. Petroleum products, such as oil and gasoline, enter the water from ships and marine terminals, offshore oil rigs, runoff from parking lots, factories, oil dumping, and other sources. The pollutants are mainly in gas, water, and solid forms that can cause serious damage to the biosystems. Human contribution to water pollution is enormous by way of defecating. At the national level, however, the government welcomed pollution as evidence of progress and prosperity, and consequently very few of the environmental pollution control measures contained in the factories act 1911 and the mining law 1905 were. Download documents, drawings and specifications for. Keeping the university of california, irvine watershed and san diego creek clean stormwater and nonpoint source pollution prevention from urban runoff, future solutions now.
By becoming aware of the problem and what we can do to prevent polluted stormwater, each of us can be a solution to water pollution. We then propose a mathematical model to assess the impact of pollution on. Water resource assessment including evaluation of impacts of climate change on water resources. Economical effects the e ffect of air pollution o n the econom y may be a d erived one. Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated. Industrial pollution has attracted a lot of attention. Prevention and control of water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides 37 specific metabolites are present in groundwater or surface waters at concentration exceeding those set for drinking water or those adversely affecting aquatic life. Water pollution is an environmental problem that is of major concern to us in nigeria and the world at large. Contaminated water is the main source of infectious diseases e. The effects of pollution on human beings and aquatic communities are many and varied. Environmental pollution can be defined as a change that is not wished or desired in the chemical, physical, or biological characteristics of any component of the environment air, water, and soil which can cause harmful effects on various or many forms of life. Thermal water pollution surface water that is heated can lead to what is called thermal water pollution.
Say to the students, i was going fishing the other day and got really thirsty so i got this pitcher of water. Electrical generating plants can create thermal water pollution when they use. In order to provide daily needs of the growing population, different types of industries are setup to produce different products. Clean unpolluted water is essential for our ecosystems. Water pollution involves any contaminated water, whether from chemical, particulate, or bacterial matter that degrades the waters quality and purity. Pdf on jan 1, 2016, asha gupta and others published water pollution sources,effects and control find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate.
A watershed is the area of land where all of the water that is under it or drains off of it goes into the same place. Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to. Powerpoint is the worlds most popular presentation software which can let you create professional marine pollution powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. Integrated water resources development and management. One could claim that air pollution started when humans began burning fuels. This can be accomplished by controlling application rates and by maintaining normal aerobic conditions within. The safe drinking water act authorizes epa to set and enforce standards for contaminants in public water systems. Water pollution u rainwater draining to the storm water system that comes in contact with pollutants, such as rooftop particulates from air pollution, oil, litter, heavy metals, pesticides, fertilizers, and sediments already on the ground. Global climate change is really the sum of all pollution combined with natural changes in climate. The 2012 worlds worst pollution problems report sets out to quantify the human health impacts from major sources of hazardous pollution in low to middleincome countries. In doing so, we help to better illustrate the scale of chinas water pollution challenges and. Environmental pollution free pdf download the natural surroundings like air conditions, water, land, atmosphere etc are usually the part of physical environment but they usually are known as natural environment.
Absence of a specific water pollution policy incorporating prevention of pollution, treatment of polluted water and ecological restoration of polluted water bodies revealed inadequate government efforts in these areas. Thermal pollution, is a temperature change in natural water bodies caused by human influence, such as use of water as coolant in a power plant. New methods for water pollution control in river basins. These are the problems more likely to be encountered by the primary health care provider. Effects of water pollution water pollution has a duel effect on nature. Pollution can either be found at the level of superficial water or subterranean water. Water pollution different types pollution on earth 9 types of pollution pdf download.
Besides the finished products, a good number of byproducts are produced. The impact of water pollution on human health pirshtuk a. Types and sources of water pollution there are several major types of water pollution. In fact, the effects of water pollution are said to be the leading cause of death for humans across the globe, moreover, water pollution affects our oceans, lakes, rivers, and drinking. Etiology can be difficult to establish because many signs and symptoms are nonspecific, making differential diagnosis a. Understanding pollution dynamics in p2p file sharing. A textbook, primarily written for nonengineering students at duke university, usa, on air and water pollution and its control, and on noise. Project on environmental pollution pdf the program sponsors research projects, convenes workshops, and supports graduate education to further understanding of critical issues in environmental. Water pollution control a guide to the use of water quality. Stopping pollution at its source with low impact development americas urban landscape is affecting our cities water supply and water. The manual is divided into chapters with respect to the various media programs, including air, water, drinking water, solid and hazardous waste, hazardous substances, mixed hazardous and lowlevel radioactive waste, pesticides and toxic substances, environmental management systems, and oil pollution. The problems of industrial pollution and their control measures are briefly discussed in this. Present knowledge about the level of environmental con. A series of physical, chemical and biological treatment methods have been developed to remove the pollutants in water and wastewater.1242 421 1250 471 368 1602 1048 22 663 1141 366 1378 609 658 1023 318 16 833 878 1438 783 127 433 36 778 854 252 724 795 174 954 981